What is best in a community? What an ideal society should be? In other word, what can be done to ensure the interests of the people and the government? Of course, anyone does not deserve to rule over the people but what should we do on the assumption of presence of the being righteous ruler?
“The most important of these rights which God the Almighty has made incumbent are the rights of the ruler incumbent upon the people, and the rights of the people incumbent upon the ruler.” (Imam Ali, Nahjul Balaghah, sermon no .207)
These mutual rights are very important because “The affairs of the people shall not improve unless the rulers are good people [and also] rulers will not be good people unless the people are hard-working and steadfast.” (Ibid)
So, what will happen if these rights are respected? “If the two respect each other’s rights, then their religion will be honored, and its practice will survive. Then the signs of justice will be established firmly, and divine traditions will take their natural course. If these principles are recognized and these rights are respected, then there will be an era of improvement and progress. The rule of government will last, and the enemies will be disappointed.” (Ibid)
Yes dears! To having an ideal society, first a righteous ruler must be appointed and then people and ruler should try to respect each other’s rights.